Sport & Pains: I hurt, is this normal?
Proverb Sport and health :
* A dry cough is the trumpeter of death.*
For the athlete, the pain affect the vast majority of the musculoskeletal system. That is to say, muscle and joint systems.
They are obviously the most often related to sporting gesture or farther away. Are you able to know the pain that will lead to physical practice?
Pain is part of the sport, but there is a difference between the aches that accompany a disaster recovery and pain or signs announcing the occurrence of an injury.
The pains of year (During a physical work or sport)
During a physical or sport, it is very logical that the muscles will suffer as they are involved more than usual.
As you exercise, muscle aches will appear more or less rapidly according to the intensity: this will involve burns in the muscles involved in the movement.
These sensations are due to acidification of the blood due to the exercise ; the body does not easily forgiving than this lower pH.
This is usually after the fact that many pain appear, against which people worry. The best known are the aches .
The pain comes from micro tears induced by exercise. They begin the day after the effort and last about 48 hours , the time that such wastes are eliminated by the body.
Stretching will not make you escape the aches, quite the contrary : the stretching of the muscle fibers will recreate micro- trauma.
However, they are important to avoid muscle stiffness and increase flexibility. But do not have to stretch yourself in the minutes following an intense session and ask your coach that will teach you good habits.
Indeed, it is better not to stretch rather than bad stretch . The active recovery (walking, slow jogging etc ...) is of real interest because it allows disposal of the muscular system.
The pain of the injury
Pain due to injury will be intense, requiring a full or pause in activity . This pain will be associated with a possible crack (sprain, tear), a swelling and / or bruising .
In these situations it is imperative to stop the activity and consult your doctor.
In fitness, movement badly carried or pushed too far in amplitude can cause muscle or ligament injury. These injuries can be prevented by learning the gesture and the use of appropriate fillers.
Pain as alarm signalPain or discomfort that occurs during exercise and persisting for several days with varying intensity can warn you of a mechanical malfunction .
These pains are signs of over-solicitation , a joint lock or a bad gesture repeated . Listening to such pain you will avoid a more serious injury.
A speaker pain during activity but not in direct connection with the directed movement is also a warning signal as to compensate for the pain you adopt inadequate postures.
Contracture, which is a frequent reason for consultation, is a localized muscle tone : the patient described often an annoyance than a real pain.
It is indicative of excessive tone, muscle failing to relax. We can continue to practice with a contracture, but risk the evolution towards a more significant injury .
Muscle tone can regulate the posture of the individual: it is more important at a given location is that the body's adaptation is not optimal and that the muscle does not have its full potential.
Another frequent reason for consultation is joint pain. T
here is no normal joint pain . We will not address in this article of the original traumatic joint pain such as sprains or dislocations, but joint pain related to a mechanical malfunction .
A joint is a union between two bones, maintained by ligaments and in some cases a portion of muscle called the tendon.
These ligaments and tendons are not contractile and therefore do not contribute to the achievement of the movement. Tendinitis Tendinitis affects the tendon and thus the muscle.
Its proximity to the joint can believe with joint pain.
is an inflammation that originates repeated movement , use of improper materials or biomechanical dysfunction with bony structures directly linked. If these structures are not good availability of movement, then the function will not be optimal.
To conclude ...
The training aims to solicit the body that it strengthens the cardiovascular and / or muscle depending on the type sessions.
Your body will react to these stimuli by increasing its capabilities and integrating gesture : the Pain effort will disappear, or occur at higher intensities.
In addition, the intensely practiced physical activity increases pain tolerance. These pains are an excellent indicator of the favorable workload to improve fitness.
Pain is also a warning that he must listen to put to rest the body, to reconsider its workloads from the point of view of the volume and intensity. In summary, we must respect the beaches of recovery and to listen, even these small pains .
Examples contractures, tendonitis, joint pain, are typical of pain alarm vis-à-vis which too many athletes do not wear enough attention and wait for them to be properly installed to view, adjust its equipment or its gesture.